Landmarks of the city of Cairo 1969
Egypt celebrated the millenary of the city of Cairo in 1969. As part of this celebration the egyptian post issued many sets of stamps. Three of the stamps presented here show landamarks of the old city of Cairo.
Al Azhar Mosque
Al Azhar mosque was build with the city of Cairo to become its major mosque. Al Azhar is one of the most mportant mosques in the islamic world. Since its construction, the mosque was used as a chool to teach the religion. Al Azhar mosque became and remains a university and one the most important center for islamic sciences. The mosque is considered the second oldest continuously existing university in the world after Al-Qarawiyyin University. Since 1961, the university of Al Azhar has becaome an independent multi-disciplinary university.
Bab El Futuh
Bab al-Futuh (Gate of the conquest), is one of the oldest gates of Cairo. The construction of the gate finished in the year 1187, more than a century after the construction of the city. The gate is protected by two imposing round towers connected with a wall above the gate. These towers are an example of the islamic military architecture, with with shafts for pouring boiling water or burning oil on attackers, and arrow slits.
Construction of Cairo in year 969 AD.
In the year 969 AD., the military fatimide leader Jawhar ibn Abdallah known also as Jawhar Al-Siqilli conquerred Egypt. The same year he started the construction of the city of Cairo to become a new capital of Egypt. The construction was ordered by the then Fatimide Caliph Al-Mu’izz li-Din Allah who was established in Tunisia. Later, the Fatimide Caliph moved from to Cairo and made it the capital of his state that spanned over all north Africa and parts of south Europe.
As part of the millenary celebration, the city of Cairo launched its international book fair that became the most important cultural event in the Arab world.
The three stamps had a face value of 10 Millimes.