UNESCO Compaign To Safeguard Pharaonic Temples In Nubia: Kuwait 1964
In 1964 Kuwait took part in the UNESCO compaign to safeguard Pharaonic temples in Nubia. It issued a set of three postage stamps for the benefit of the Campaign Fund.
After the revolution of 1952, let by president Gamal Abdelnasser (known as Nasser), Egypt established ambitious development plans. To provide the necessary electricity, Egypt decided to build the high dam on the Nile near the city of Aswan in the south of the country. But the lake of the dam, was going to extend for hundreds of kilometers in Egyptian Nubia and Sudanese Nubia.
To provide the necessary financial means for this project, thirty countries have issued commemorative postage stamps with the words “save the monuments of Nubia”. Their income was used to finance the project. Kuwait was one of the participating countries.
Temples relocated outside of Egypt
Most monuments were rebuilt in locations adjacent to the place of origin. But four temples were gifted to other countries in recognition of their efforts to preserve the Egyptian monuments.
Temple of Taffeh donated to Netherlands
The temple of Taffeh was built of sandstone between 25 BCE and 14 CE during the rule of the Roman emperor Augustus. It was part of the Roman fortress known as Taphis and measures 6.5 by 8 metres. It was offered to Netherlans. It was reconstructed in a new stall in the National Museum of Antiquities in Leiden, Netherlands in 1971.
Temple of Ellesyia donated to Italy
The Temple of Ellesyia, is an ancient Egyptian rocky temple built during the 18th dynasty by the Pharaoh Tuhutmus III. It was dedicated to the deities Amun, Horus and Satis. After the rescue compaign, the temple was offered as a gift to Italy and moved to the Museo Gizio (Egyptian Museum) in Turino – Italy.
Temple of Debod donated to Spain
The temple of Debod is a small Egyptian temple, of 12 by 15 meters, dating back to the 2nd century BC. It was first built as a small single-room chapel dedicated to the god Amun. Later it was extended to reach it current size and dedicated to Isis of Philae.
The temple was donated to Spain and transported stone by stone. It was rebuilt in Madrid’s Cuartel de la Montaña Park, preserving its original orientation from east to west. It was opened to the public in 1972.
Temple of Denur donated to the USA
The Temple of Dendur is an ancient Egyptian temple built by the Roman governor of Egypt, Petronius, around 15 B.C., as one of many Egyptian temples commissioned by the emperor Augustus. The temple is dedicated to Isis and Osiris.