Compaign to Safeguard Pharaonic Temples In Nubia: Morocco 1963
In 1963 Morocco took part in the UNESCO compaign to safeguard Pharaonic temples in Nubia. It issued a set of three postage stamps for the benefit of the Campaign Fund.
After the revolution of 1952, led by president Gamal Abdelnasser (known as Nasser), Egypt established ambitious development plans. To provide the necessary electricity, Egypt decided to build the high dam on the Nile near the city of Aswan in the south of the country. But the lake of the dam, was going to extend for hundreds of kilometers in Egyptian Nubia and Sudanese Nubia.
The Dam’s lake threatened to engulf a large number of pharaonic monuments, including 17 temples. The most famous among these monuments was the Ramses II temple at Abu Simbel and temple of Isis in Philae.
Safeguard Pharaonic Temples In Nubia
To save the monuments, Egypt requested international assistance. The UNESCO lauched a very ambitious project to dismantle the temples stone by stone and rebuild them in other places, away from the waters of Lake Dam.
In 1960, UNESCO, the United Nations Education Sciences and Culture Organization, launched an international campaign to save the monuments of Nubia. The project aimed to dismantle the temples stone by stone and rebuild them in other places, away from the waters of Lake Dam. Thirty countries were involved in providing scientific expertise and material resources for this giant project.
To provide the necessary financial means for this project, thirty countries have issued commemorative postage stamps with the words “save the monuments of Nubia”. The generated income was used to fund the project. Morocco was one of the participating countries.
Temples relocated outside of Egypt
Most monuments were rebuilt in locations adjacent to the place of origin. But four temples were gifted to other countries in recognition of their efforts to preserve the Egyptian monuments.