Nestled on the picturesque coast of Algeria, Bejaia is a captivating city that boasts a rich history, stunning geography, prominent landmarks, and vibrant traditions. This article presents a stamp issued by Algeria post showing the city before the French occupation in 1830. It also explores the historical significance of Bejaia, its strategic geographic location, noteworthy landmarks, and the cultural traditions that have shaped its identity.
Bejaia is an ancient Algerian historical city founded by Al-Nasir bin Alanas Ibn Hammad bin Ziri. This was one of the kings of Bani Hammad who ruled Algeria in the second half of the eleventh century. For this, the city is also called Nasiriyah in relation to its founder.
The city has a long and storied history, dating back to Phoenician and Roman times. It flourished as a bustling port city under various civilizations, including the Byzantines and the Berber dynasties. It played a pivotal role in trade and cultural exchanges across the Mediterranean.
Situated on the northern coast of Algeria, Bejaia enjoys a privileged location between the Mediterranean Sea and the majestic Djurdjura Mountains. This unique setting offers breathtaking views and a mild climate, making it an attractive destination for both nature enthusiasts and history buffs.
Bejaia is adorned with remarkable landmarks that bear witness to its rich past. The Casbah, a medieval fortress, stands as a symbol of resilience and architectural beauty. The Yemma Gouraya, a striking hill overlooking the city, offers panoramic views of the coastline. The Sainte-Marie Cathedral, with its elegant design, reflects the city’s diverse cultural influences. The Toudja Beach and Cap Carbon are popular attractions, inviting visitors to indulge in the beauty of Bejaia’s coastal scenery.
Bejaia cherishes its cultural heritage through vibrant traditions. The Tifinagh script, an ancient alphabet used by the Berber people, is celebrated through calligraphy and artistic expression. The city also hosts lively festivals, such as the Yennayer celebration, marking the Amazigh New Year, and the Bejaia Mediterranean Festival, showcasing local music, art, and cuisine.
Bejaia, with its captivating history, breathtaking geography, prominent landmarks, and cherished traditions, offers a unique and enriching experience. As visitors explore its ancient streets, soak in the coastal beauty, and immerse themselves in its vibrant culture, they become witnesses to the remarkable tapestry of Bejaia’s past and present, leaving with lasting memories of this Algerian gem.
Catalogue Reference: Yvert & Tellier 803