The United Nations declared 1965 as the international cooperation year. Many countries issued stamps on this occasion. The emirate of Sharjah issued a set of 8 stamps with photos of then world leaders. The upper right corner of the stamps features the picture of Sheikh Khalid Bin Mohammed Al Qasimi, prince of the Sharjah.
The Pope Paul VI
The Pope Paul VI, (1897-1978) was the head of the Catholic church between 1963 and 1978. He was an Italian citizen, originally named Giovanni Battista Montini. Before his pontificate, Montini was widely seen as a progressive member of the Catholic hierarchy.
During his pontificate, Paul VI’s worked to reduce the tensions between the church of Rome and other churches and other faiths. He undertook visits many countries in all continents meetingh with people from all faiths. His first journey was a pilgrimage to the Holy Land (January 1964), where he met the Greek Orthodox patriarch of Constantinople. He became the first pope to visit Asia starting with India in 1964. He later visited majority mulslim countries such as Jordan, Turkey, Iran, Pakistan, Indonesia and others. In 1967 he delivered a moving plea for peace at a special session of the General Assembly of the United Nations in New York City.
During all his trips, the pope Paul VI advocated for world peace, social justice, struggle against world hunger and illiteracy, brotherhood under God, and international cooperation.
King Faysal bin Abdulaziz of Saudi Arabia
King Faisal bin Abdulaziz Al Saud is the third king of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. He took power in 1964 after his father, King Abdulaziz Al Saud, the founder of the Kingdom, and his brother King Saud bin Abdul Aziz.
The reign of King Faisal of Saudi Arabia was marked by a period of economic development, as the king played a distinguished role in extricating the kingdom from financial hardship. King Faisal Played an important role in the international arena as in an important Arab leader. Under his reign, the kingdom of Saudi Arabia developped regional and international cooperation.
Sheikh Issa bin Salman Al Khalifa of Bahrain
Shekh Issa Al Khalifa was the first emir of Bahrain from 1961 until his death in 1999. Born in Jasra, Bahrain, he became emir upon the death of his father, Salman bin Hamad Al Khalifa. During his reign, Bahrain gained independence from the United Kingdom in 1971.
President of France, Charles De Gaulle
Charles de Gaulle, (1890 – 1970), is a French officer, writer, statesman, and architect of France’s Fifth Republic. He was president of France between 1959 and 1969.
De Gaulle led the french resistance against the Nazi occupation, and created the Free French Forces, then headed the French Committee of National Liberation. After the independence he became prime minister of France but resigned in 1946. He remained out of power, until 1958. After the interior instability faced by France, because of the Algerian Revolution that started in 1954, De Gaulle was designated as prime-minister. Few months later he was elected as president in December 1958.
In the two years following his return to power, De Gaulle ended most of the French colonies in Africa. In 1962 he organized a referendum that led to the indepedence of Algeria.
De Gaulle played an important role in the modern French history. Under his presidency, France modernized its institutions and economy and got more involved in the Euopean construction. The French international policy was more balanced with regards to the Arab-Israeli conflict and seek more independence from NATO and US foreign policy.
President of the USA, Lyndon B. Johnson
Lyndon Baines Johnson (1908 – 1973), a Democrat politician from Texas. He became the 36th president of the United States from 1963 to 1969. He had previously served as the 37th vice president from 1961 to 1963 under President John F. Kennedy.
President Johnson left a positive legacy in the domain of war on poverty, the defence of civil rights, and the eleminiation of discrimination against minorities and African Americans. The devastating outcome of the Vietnam War clouded Johnson’s legacy.
President of Egypt, Gamal Abdel Nasser
The president Gamal abdel Nasser (15 January 1918 – 28 September 1970) was an Egyptian officer who led the July revolution that ended the monarchy in Egypt and established the republic.
He served as the second Egyptian president from 1964 until his death in 1970. He led a big transformation of the Egyptian society and the Arab world. Under his presidency, Egypt played an important regional and international role through the League of Arab States , the Organization of African Unity and the non-aligned movement.
Prime Minister of the United Kingdom, Harold Wilson
The Wilson government was commitmented to social services and public welfare. The mid-sixties are seen as the ‘golden age’ of the welfare state in Great Britain.